LNG as a Fuel


LNG is already an economically and ecologically applicable alternative fuel for heavy goods traffic.

Why LNG?


LNG is the alternative fuel for heavy haulage. Natural gas is cooled to -163 ° C by condensation and, thus reduced, takes up only 1/600th of its original gaseous volume. Compared to diesel, LNG is cheaper and reduces specific greenhouse gas emissions by up to 70%. In addition, sulphur oxide and fine dust emissions are reduced by almost 100%, nitrogen oxide emissions by up to 90% and noise emissions by up to 50%.

For freight forwarders and logistics companies this means:

– Operating distances comparable to diesel vehicles – Low total cost of ownership (TCO) – Environmentally friendly transportation – Comprehensive funding mechanisms on the part of the lawmaker

LNG in use

Almost all road freight traffic in Germany is based on diesel vehicles. The use of LNG offers, for the first time, a real alternative in the field of heavy goods traffic. LNG propulsions are also gaining in importance in maritime and inland shipping.

Photo LNG Truck, Source: @Iveco

LNG trucks are ready for the market and available

By now, LNG-powered trucks are available in series production from many manufacturers such as Iveco, Scania, or Volvo. Thus, the most important truck manufacturers already cover power classes all the way to 500 hp. Extensions to the product portfolios of international truck manufacturers have already been announced.

LNG as a fuel in the transport sector is in no way new territory. It has already proven itself in practice in many countries and is consequently widely accepted. In the USA and China, there are already tens of thousands of trucks with LNG on the road. On the European mainland, transport companies and carriers, in Spain and the Netherlands in particular, are gradually converting their fleets to LNG vehicles. A network of corresponding filling stations is already in place there. The emission advantages of natural gas engines allow companies to meet the strict environmental guidelines of their contractors and noticeably reduce the pollutant footprint of the goods to be transported.

An overview of the Europe-wide use of LNG refuelling points can be found on the information page of the NGVA.

Did you know that…

  • … LNG-powered trucks are subject to a toll exemption on German highways at least until the end of 2023?
  • … The energy tax is reduced by 50% until at least 2024?

LNG makes a significant contribution to achieving climate targets for heavy goods vehicles

In the Paris Climate Agreement of 2015, the international community agreed to limit global warming to less than 2 ° C. In this context, the federal government intends to reduce carbon dioxide emissions by 40% by 2020 compared to 1990 levels as part of the energy transition. This means that Germany leads the way in the transformation towards a renewable energy system. Regarding road transport, the focus is essentially on promoting electro-mobility (e-mobility). In contrast, there are hardly any activities that significantly reduce the environmental impact of heavy goods traffic. At this point, there is an urgent need for action, because …

… the share of diesel drive technology in heavy-duty vehicles is 99% according to a current utility vehicle study by Shell

… the total number of commercial vehicles will grow by 14% between today (3 million) and 2040 (3.5 million)

… the total number of commercial vehicles has doubled between 1990 (1.5 million) and today (3 million)

… truck mileage will increase by 39% by 2040 

… freight traffic has increased by 60% between 1990 and today 

… the current volume of goods traffic (4.1 million t) will increase by 15% by 2040 (4.8 million) 

… freight transport performance will double to 962 billion ton-km by 2040

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